Mitochondria-derived reactive oxygen species negatively regulates immune innate signaling pathways triggered by a DNA virus, but not by an RNA virus
SourceBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 418, 4, (2012), pp. 806-10
Article / Letter to editor
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Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
SubjectNCMLS 2: Immune Regulation
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are crucial secondary messengers of signaling pathways. Redox-dependent signaling events have been previously described in the innate immune response. However, the mechanism by which ROS modulates anti-viral innate immune signaling is not fully clarified. Here, we report that mitochondria-derived ROS differentially regulate the innate response to DNA and RNA viruses (herpes simplex virus (HSV) and Sendai virus (SeV), respectively), with the cytokine response to HSV being negatively regulated by mitochondrial ROS. Importantly, specific activation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and DNA receptors (DNARs) but not retinoic acid inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs), led to signaling cascades that were inhibited by mitochondrial ROS production. Thus, localized mitochondrial ROS exerts negative modulation of innate immune responses to the DNA virus HSV-2 but not the RNA virus SeV.
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- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
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