Management of sporadic duodenal adenomas and the association with colorectal neoplasms: a retrospective cohort study.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 46, 5, (2012), pp. 390-396
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
SubjectIGMD 2: Molecular gastro-enterology and hepatology; ONCOL 3: Translational research
GOALS: To evaluate management, outcome, and follow-up of patients with sporadic duodenal adenomas and assess the presence of colorectal neoplasms. BACKGROUND: With the widespread use of esophagogastroduodenoscopy, an increasing number of sporadic duodenal adenomas are diagnosed. An optimal algorithm for management has not been fully defined. Accumulating data suggest an association with colorectal neoplasms. STUDY: Patients diagnosed with sporadic duodenal adenomas at our institute from 1986 until 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected from medical records. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients (28 men, 52%) were diagnosed with a sporadic duodenal adenoma at a median age of 59 years (range, 27 to 84 y); 33 patients (61%) underwent endoscopic or surgical intervention, 5 (9%) were only followed endoscopically, and 16 (30%) underwent no intervention or follow-up. Complete endoscopic removal was accomplished in at least 81% of cases, and no complications were reported; surgical intervention was complicated in 4 patients, with 1 resulting in death. Adenoma recurrence was 20% at a median follow-up of 18 months (range, 4 to 54 mo), but no carcinoma developed. Colorectal neoplasms were found in 16 of 29 patients (55%) who underwent colonoscopy, including 2 cancers (7%), 7 advanced adenomas (24%), and 7 nonadvanced adenomas (24%). CONCLUSIONS: Although no consistent approach to management of sporadic duodenal adenomas was followed, no duodenal carcinoma developed during the follow-up. Endoscopic intervention is preferred over surgical intervention, whenever possible. Once complete removal is ascertained, there is no strict indication for regular follow-up esophagogastroduodenoscopy, especially in elderly patients or patients with relevant comorbidity. Colonoscopic assessment is warranted in all patients diagnosed with sporadic duodenal adenomas.
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