Localization of breast cancer resistance protein (Bcrp) in endocrine organs and inhibition of its transport activity by steroid hormones.
SourceCell and Tissue Research, 349, 2, (2012), pp. 551-63
01 augustus 2012
Article / Letter to editor
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Laboratory of Genetic, Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases
IMM - Institute for Molecules and Materials
Cell and Tissue Research
SubjectIGMD 6: Hormonal regulation; IGMD 6: Hormonal regulation ONCOL 5: Aetiology, screening and detection; NCEBP 14: Cardiovascular diseases NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility IGMD 9: Renal disorder; NCMLS 5: Membrane transport and intracellular motility N4i 3: Poverty-related infectious diseases
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is known for its protective function against the toxic effects of exogenous compounds. In addition to this, a role in the transport of endogenous compounds has been described. Since BCRP in the plasma membrane was shown to be regulated by sex steroids, we investigated the presence and possible role of BCRP in steroid hormone-producing organs. Therefore, the presence and localization of Bcrp was investigated in endocrine organs of wild-type mice. Furthermore, the interaction of various steroid hormones with human BCRP activity was studied. Quantitative PCR revealed Bcrp mRNA in the pituitary and adrenal glands, pancreas, ovary, testis and adipose tissue. Immunohistochemistry revealed the presence of Bcrp in the cortex of the adrenal gland and in plasma membranes of adipocytes. In the pituitary gland, pancreas, ovary and testis, Bcrp was mainly located in the capillaries. The interaction between BCRP and 12 steroid hormones was studied using membrane vesicles of HEK293-BCRP cells. Estradiol, testosterone, progesterone and androstenedione inhibited BCRP-mediated uptake of (3)H-estrone sulphate (E(1)S) most potently, with calculated inhibitory constant (Ki) values of 5.0 +/- 0.2, 36 +/- 14, 14.7 +/- 1.3 and 217 +/- 13 muM, respectively. BCRP function was attenuated non-competitively, which implies an allosteric inhibition of BCRP-mediated E(1)S transport by these steroids. In conclusion, localization of Bcrp in endocrine organs together with the efficient allosteric inhibition of the efflux pump by steroid hormones are suggestive for a role for BCRP in steroid hormone regulation.
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