Inaccuracy of estimating peak work rate from six-minute walk distance in patients with COPD.
SourceCopd-Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 9, 3, (2012), pp. 281-288
1 juni 2012
Article / Letter to editor
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Copd-Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
SubjectAnalytical Chemistry; N4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation; NCEBP 8: Psychological determinants of chronic illness; NCEBP 8: Psychological determinants of chronic illness
INTRODUCTION: The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) and the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) are used to prescribe the appropriate training load for cycling and walking exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The primary aims were: (i) to compare estimated peak work rate (Wpeak(estimated)) derived from six existing Wpeak regression equations with actual peak work rate (Wpeak(actual)); and (ii) to derive a new Wpeak regression equation using six-minute walk distance (6MWD) and conventional outcome measures in COPD patients. METHODS: In 2906 patients with COPD, existing Wpeak regression equations were used to estimate Wpeak using 6MWD and a new equation was derived after a stepwise multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: The 6 existing Wpeak regression equations were inaccurate to predict Wpeak(actual) in 82% of the COPD patients. The new Wpeak regression equation differed less between Wpeak(estimated) and Wpeak(actual) compared to existing models. Still, in 74% of COPD patients Wpeak(estimated) and Wpeak(actual) differed more than (+/-) 5 watts. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, estimating peak work load from 6MWD in COPD is inaccurate. We recommend assessment of Wpeak using CPET during pre-rehabilitation assessment in addition to 6MWT.
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