Gene duplication and conversion events shaped three homologous, differentially expressed myosin regulatory light chain (MLC2) genes.
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SourceEuropean Journal of Cell Biology, 91, 8, (2012), pp. 629-639
1 augustus 2012
Article / Letter to editor
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Cell Biology (UMC)
European Journal of Cell Biology
SubjectN4i 1: Pathogenesis and modulation of inflammation NCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity; NCMLS 4: Energy and redox metabolism IGMD 8: Mitochondrial medicine; NCMLS 7: Chemical and physical biology DCN MP: Plasticity and memory
Myosin II is a hexameric protein complex consisting of two myosin heavy chains, two myosin essential light chains and two myosin regulatory light chains. Multiple subunit isoforms exist, allowing great diversity in myosin II composition which likely impacts on its contractile properties. Little is known about the evolutionary origin, expression pattern and function of myosin regulatory light chain (MLC2) isoforms. We analysed the evolutionary relationship between smooth muscle (sm), nonmuscle (nm) and nonmuscle-like (nml) MLC2 genes, which encode three homologous proteins expressed in nonmuscle cells. The three genes arose by successive gene duplication events. The high sequence similarity between the tandemly arranged nm- and nml-MLC2 genes is best explained by gene conversion. Urea/glycerol-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and RNA analysis were employed to monitor expression of sm-, nm- and nml-MLC2 in human and mouse cell lines. Conspicuous differences between transformed and non-transformed cells were observed, with sm-MLC2 being suppressed in Ras-transformed cells. Our findings shed light on the evolutionary history of three homologous MLC2 proteins and point to isoform-specific cell growth-related roles in nonmuscle cell myosin II contractility.
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