Fasciculations and their F-response revisited: high-density surface EMG in ALS and benign fasciculations.
SourceClinical Neurophysiology, 123, 2, (2012), pp. 399-405
01 februari 2012
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectDCN MP - Plasticity and memory; NCEBP 10: Human Movement & Fatigue DCN PAC - Perception action and control
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of fasciculation potentials (FPs) with F-responses between patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and patients with benign fasciculations. METHODS: In seven patients with ALS and seven patients with benign fasciculations, high-density surface EMG was recorded for 15 min from the gastrocnemius muscle. Template matching was used to search for pairs of FPs with a repetition within 10-110 ms. RESULTS: Interspike interval (ISI) histograms were constructed from 282 pairs of benign fasciculations and from 337 FP pairs in ALS. Peaks attributable to F-waves were found at latencies of 32 ms (benign) and 35 ms (ALS). Five patients with benign fasciculations and four patients with ALS had FPs with F-waves. CONCLUSIONS: F-waves of FPs occur in both conditions - therefore they are not diagnostically helpful. SIGNIFICANCE: F-waves confirm the distal origin of FPs for an individual axon. The occurrence of these FPs in a benign condition suggests that the generation of ectopic discharges in the distal axons is not specific to progressive neurodegeneration.
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