Enhanced suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 in arthritic cartilage dysregulates human chondrocyte function
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SourceArthritis and Rheumatism, 64, 10, (2012), pp. 3313-3323
Article / Letter to editor
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Arthritis and Rheumatism
SubjectNCMLS 1: Infection and autoimmunity N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; NCMLS 3: Tissue engineering and pathology N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS-3) in human articular chondrocytes and its functional consequences. METHODS: Chondrocytes were isolated from the cartilage of patients with osteoarthritis (OA), patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and trauma patients and from the healthy cartilage of patients with a femoral neck fracture. The human chondrocyte cell line G6 and primary bovine chondrocytes were used in validation experiments. SOCS-3 messenger RNA (mRNA) expression was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and SOCS-3 protein levels were determined by Western blotting and immunohistochemical analysis. To ascertain the role of SOCS-3 in the chondrocyte response to interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the expression of SOCS3 was either reduced by small interfering RNA or enhanced by viral transduction. RESULTS: The expression of SOCS-3 mRNA (but not that of SOCS-1 mRNA) was significantly enhanced in chondrocytes obtained from OA cartilage (mean +/- SD DeltaC(t) 3.4 +/- 1.0) and RA cartilage (DeltaC(t) 3.4 +/- 1.4) compared with cartilage obtained from patients with femoral neck fracture (DeltaC(t) 5.3 +/- 1.2). The expression of SOCS3 correlated significantly with that of other genes known to be expressed in arthritic chondrocytes, such as MMP13 (r = 0.743), ADAMTS4 (r = 0.779), and ADAMTS5 (r = 0.647), and an inverse relationship was observed with COL2A1 (r = -0.561). Up-regulation of SOCS-3 by IL-1 in G6 chondrocytes and its spontaneous expression in OA chondrocytes were reduced by mithramycin, a specific inhibitor of transcription factor Sp-1. Overexpression of SOCS-3 in bovine chondrocytes reduced IL-1- and LPS-induced nitric oxide production and insulin-like growth factor 1-induced proteoglycan synthesis. Interestingly, a similar impairment of function was observed in OA chondrocytes, which was partially restored by SOCS-3 gene knockdown. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that both SOCS-3 mRNA and SOCS-3 protein are expressed in human arthritic chondrocytes and affect cellular responses involved in cartilage pathology.
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