Problematic alcohol use and mild intellectual disability: Standardization of pictorial stimuli for an alcohol cue reactivity task
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Number of pages
SourceResearch in Developmental Disabilities, 33, 4, (2012), pp. 1095-1102
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI OLO
SW OZ DCC CO
SW OZ BSI OGG
Research in Developmental Disabilities
SubjectDevelopmental Psychopathology; Learning and Plasticity
The present study focused on the first step in developing a cue reactivity task for studying cognitive biases in individuals with mild to borderline intellectual disability (ID) and alcohol use-related problems: the standardization of pictorial stimuli. Participants (N = 40), both with and without a history of alcohol use-related problems and varying in IQ, were admitted to a forensic setting and were all abstinent. They were asked to rate familiarity, complexity, valence and attractiveness of pictures portraying both alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. There was a tendency to rate non-alcoholic beverages as more pleasant and attractive than alcoholic beverages. In participants with mild to borderline ID, this difference reached statistical significance, even when controlling for alcohol use-related problems in the past. The overall result of the study is a large database of 255 pictures portraying both alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages that will be used to validate an implicit measure of cognitive biases for alcohol in individuals with mild to borderline ID.
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