Cognitive distortions and self-regulatory personality traits associated with proactive and reactive aggression in early adolescence
SourceCognitive Therapy and Research, 36, 6, (2012), pp. 776-787
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI OLO
SW OZ BSI ON
Cognitive Therapy and Research
SubjectLearning and Plasticity
This study investigated mechanisms behind proactive and reactive aggression, by examining whether four types of self-serving cognitive distortions and the personality traits agreeableness and conscientiousness differently predicted proactive and reactive aggression. Self-report questionnaires and a peer nominations method were administered to 173 sixth grade children (age 10-13) of regular elementary schools in the Netherlands. Negative binomial regression analyses showed that proactive aggression was predicted by self-centered and disagreeable tendencies, whereas reactive aggression was predicted by the misattribution of blame to others and the self-regulatory aspects of agreeableness and conscientiousness. Findings emphasize the need to differentiate proactive and reactive aggression in order to accurately predict, prevent and treat aggressive behaviors in childhood.
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