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|Title: ||Arnoldus Van Rhijn on aphasia: A forgotten thesis|
|Author(s): ||Eling, P.A.T.M. (069544875)|
|Publication year: ||2011|
|Document type: ||Article / Letter to editor|
|Volume: ||vol. 47|
|Issue: ||iss. 7|
|Start page: ||p. 885|
|End page: ||p. 898|
|Related link(s): ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2011.02.002|
|Abstract: ||Background: Aphasia formed a central topic in the discussion on localization of function in the nineteenth century, in particular in France, Germany and Great Brittain. Little is known on contributions from the Netherlands.
Aim: This paper aims to discuss the contents of Arnoldus Van Rhijn's dissertation on aphasia, written in 1868 and one of the very few Dutch contributions to aphasiology in the nineteenth century. Added to this paper is a translation of the "Physiological Part" of Van Rhijn's dissertation.
Outcome: Van Rhijn discussed three cases with acquired aphasia. He rejected Broca's notion of a cortical center for the articulation of speech and instead regarded the cortex as the site where the will exerted its influence. He argued that there is a certain form of specialization: the will to say something is localized at a different place than the will to write. According to Van Rhijn, the highest motor centers are localized in the subcortical gray areas. Van Rhijn concluded that aphasia may result from lesions to the cortical centers involved in speaking, or from a disconnection of the cortical and subcortical centers.
Conclusion: Very little work was done on aphasia in the 19th century in the Netherlands. Van Rhijn's thesis, from an aphasiological point of view of limited value, does show that the notions of "centers", "connections", and "disorders due to disconnections" were generally known before Wernicke, also in the Netherlands.|
|Subject: ||DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 3: Plasticity and Memory|
Neuropsychology and rehabilitation psychology
|Subject: ||Neuro- en revalidatiepsychologie|
|Organization: ||SW OZ DCC NRP|
|Appears in Collections:||Academic bibliography|
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