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|Title: ||Preventing heavy alcohol use in adolescents (PAS): cluster randomized trial of a parent and student intervention offered separately and simultaneously|
|Author(s): ||Koning, I.M.|
Vollebergh, W.A.M. (090632893)
Smit, F. (07305867X)
Eijnden, R.J.J.M. van den (17399394X)
Bogt, T.F.M. ter
Engels, R.C.M.E. (16717231X)
|Publication year: ||2009|
|Document type: ||Article / Letter to editor|
|Volume: ||vol. 104|
|Issue: ||iss. 10|
|Start page: ||p. 1669|
|End page: ||p. 1678|
|Related link(s): ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360%2D0443.2009.02677.x|
To evaluate the effectiveness of two preventive interventions to reduce heavy drinking in first- and second-year high school students.
Design and setting
Cluster randomized controlled trial using four conditions for comparing two active interventions with a control group from 152 classes of 19 high schools in the Netherlands.
A total of 3490 first-year high school students (mean 12.68 years, SD = 0.51) and their parents.
(i) Parent intervention (modelled on the Swedish Orebro Prevention Program) aimed at encouraging parental rule-setting concerning their children's alcohol consumption; (ii) student intervention consisting of four digital lessons based on the principles of the theory of planned behaviour and social cognitive theory; (iii) interventions 1 and 2 combined; and (iv) the regular curriculum as control condition.
Main outcome measures
Incidence of (heavy) weekly alcohol use and frequency of monthly drinking at 10 and 22 months after baseline measurement.
A total of 2937 students were eligible for analyses in this study. At first follow-up, only the combined student-parent intervention showed substantial and statistically significant effects on heavy weekly drinking, weekly drinking and frequency of drinking. At second follow-up these results were replicated, except for the effects of the combined intervention on heavy weekly drinking. These findings were consistent across intention-to-treat and completers-only analyses.
Results suggest that adolescents as well as their parents should be targeted in order to delay the onset of drinking, preferably prior to onset of weekly drinking.|
|Subject: ||Developmental psychopathology|
|Organization: ||SW OZ BSI BO|
SW OZ BSI OGG
|Appears in Collections:||Academic bibliography|
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